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BMW's motorcycle records started in 1921 once the team commenced manufacturing engines for any other organizations. Motorcycle production today operates under the BMW Motorrad brand. BMW (Bayerische Motoren Werke AG) introduced the first motorcycle under its title, the R32, in 1923.
The BMW M2B15 was BMW's very first flat-twin system. Made of 1920 to 1923, the M2B15 is intended to feel a lightweight commercial motor, but it was utilized by a number of German bike brands to run their particular motorcycles.

In 1920, BMW professional maximum Friz reverse-engineered the motor of foreman Martin Stolle's 1914 Douglas motorcycle and developed the same 500 cc side-valve level engine from this. This is regarded internally once the kind M2B15 and offered available officially whilst the "Bayern Motor". The engine had been used by numerous motorcycle makers. Starting in 1920, Victoria of Nuremberg utilized the motor within their KR 1 bike, along with other providers such as for example SMW and Bison additionally installed it.

Bayerische Flugzeugwerke used the M2B15 system in their Helios bike. BMW passed down the Helios when it is joined with BFW in 1922.
In 1921, BMW started make of the M2B15 flat-twin system. Created by Max Friz for use as a lightweight professional motor, the M2B15 was mainly utilized by motorcycle providers, particularly Victoria of Nuremberg, and Bayerische Flugzeugwerke within their Helios motorcycle. Friz has also been taking care of vehicle engines.

BMW combined with Bayerische Flugzeugwerke in 1922, inheriting from their store the Helios motorcycle and a tiny two-stroke motorized bicycle known as the Flink. In 1923, BMW's earliest "across the frame" type of the boxer engine had been created by Friz. The R32 had a 486 cc (29.7 cubic ins) motor with 8.5 hp (6.3 kW) and a high rate of 95 to 100 km/h (59 to 62 miles per hour). The motor and gearbox formed a bolt-up single unit. At a time when most bike providers made use of total-loss oiling systems, the latest BMW motor featured a recirculating wet sump oiling program with a drip feed to roller bearings. This method ended up being utilized by BMW until 1969, when they followed the "high-pressure oils" system based on shell bearings and tight clearances, still being used today.

The R32 became the building blocks for all future boxer-powered BMW motorcycles. BMW oriented the boxer engine aided by the cylinder heads projecting out on each side for air conditioning since performed the earlier British ABC. Other bike makers, including Douglas and Harley-Davidson, aligned the cylinders utilizing the framework, one cylinder facing towards front-wheel in addition to other towards the straight back wheel. The R32 in addition included shaft drive. BMW features continued to use shaft drive on its motorcycles and didn't create a chain driven design through to the introduction associated with F650 in 1994.
BMW R2, a 200cc single-cylinder BMW motorcycle. 1st single-cylinder BMW is the 1925 R39.

In 1925, BMW introduced the R39, a 250 cc single-cylinder bike. It was perhaps not successful and is discontinued in 1927. In 1931, BMW introduced the single-cylinder shaft-driven R2, which, as a 200 cc bike, could possibly be operated in Germany without a motorcycle licence at that time. The R2 lead some single-cylinder BMW motorcycles, such as the 400 cc R4 in 1932 in addition to 300 cc R3 in 1936.
BMW R12: the R12 and also the R17 are the very first manufacturing motorcycles with hydraulically damped telescopic forks

The BMW R12 and R17, both launched in 1935, had been 1st manufacturing motorbikes with hydraulically damped telescopic forks.

In 1937, Ernst Henne rode a supercharged 500 cc (31 cubic inches) overhead camshaft BMW 173.88 miles per hour (279.83 km/h), position a global record that stood for 14 years.
BMW Sahara, Poland 1944

During World War II the Wehrmacht required as numerous cars because could easily get of most kinds and several various other German businesses are requested to construct motorbikes. The R75 performed especially better in harsh running environment for the North African Campaign. Motorbikes of every design have performed acceptably well in Europe but, inside desert, the protruding cylinders associated with flat-twin system done better than more designs which overheated in the sun. Shaft drives additionally performed much better than chain-drives which were damaged by desert grit.

The U.S. military took note of these benefits and asked Harley-Davidson, Indian and Delco to create a motorcycle similar to the side-valve BMW R71. Harley-Davidson copied the BMW system and transmission---simply transforming metric measurements to inches---and produced the shaft-drive 750 cc (46 cubic ins) 1942 Harley-Davidson XA.
The BMW R51/3 had been BMW's 2nd post-World War II 500 cc bike, after the shortly created R51/2. It featured a flat-twin engine and exposed drive shaft. In 1951, the R51/3 been successful and modernized the 1950 R51/2, that has been basically a pre-war build which was produced after the war. The 600 cc R67, R67/2, and R67/3 series while the more sporting R68 design furthermore adopted the R51/2.
After globe War II, Germany is precluded from producing motorcycles of any sort because of the Allies. Whenever ban ended up being lifted, in Allied controlled west Germany, BMW had to begin from scrape. There were no programs, plans, or schematic drawings. Organization designers needed to make use of surviving pre-war motorbikes to produce newer methods. In 1948, they introduced the 250 cc R24, that has been really a pre-war R23, detailed with rigid buttocks.

Whenever bigger machines are allowed, BMW launched its R51/2 in 1950, a design which was in production for only one-year which had been basically a pre-war BMW created following the war. The R51/3 ended up being introduced in 1951 for a production run of four ages.

The 600 cc R67, sister model into the R51/3 and almost identical aesthetically, has also been launched in 1951, but it went through two revisions. The greater powerful R67/2 came out one-year later on and was changed in 1955 by the R67/3, that was in manufacturing through the 1956 design seasons.

In 1952, BMW introduced the 600 cc R68, which created 35 hp (26 kW), have a compression ratio of 8.0:1.
The termination of World War II found BMW in ruins. Their plant outside Munich is destroyed by Allied bombing. The Eisenach premises, while badly damaged, was not completely destroyed, and tooling and machinery was indeed saved properly nearby. Despite well-known reports, the center had not been dismantled because of the Soviets as reparations and delivered to the Soviet Union become reassembled in Irbit to produce IMZ-Ural motorcycles; the IMZ plant was supplied into the Soviets by BMW under permit ahead of the German intrusion of the Soviet Union in Summer 1941. Following the war, almost all of BMW's engineers had been taken fully to the US or perhaps the Soviet Union to carry on the work they'd finished on jet engines with BMW through the war.

The terms of Germany's surrender forbade BMW from production motorbikes. In 1947, whenever BMW got permission to resume motorcycle manufacturing from US authorities in Bavaria, BMW needed to begin from scrape. There were no tactics, blueprints, or schematic drawings simply because they are all in Eisenach. Organization designers must utilize enduring pre-war motorbikes to duplicate the bikes. 1st post-war BMW motorcycle in west Germany, a 250 cc R24, was stated in 1948. The R24 had been reverse-engineered through the pre-war R23 with modifications across R23, and had been the sole postwar West German BMW without back suspension. In 1949, BMW produced 9,200 models and also by 1950 manufacturing surpassed 17,000 devices.
1949 BMW R24

BMW boxer twins made of 1950 to 1956 included the 500 cc products R51/2 and 24 hp (18 kW) R51/3, the 600 cc versions 26 hp (19 kW) R67, 28 hp (21 kW) R67/2, and R67/3, as well as the sporting 35 hp (26 kW) 600 cc model R68. Every one of these systems was included with plunger back suspensions, telescopic front side forks, and chromed, revealed drive shafts. With the exception of the R68, all these twins was included with "bell-bottom" front fenders and front stands.

The situation was completely different in Soviet-controlled Eastern Germany in which BMW's sole motorcycle plant in Eisenach was creating R35 and a number of R75 motorcycles for reparations. This resulted in one BMW motorcycle plant present in Eisenach between 1945 and 1948 and two motorcycle businesses established between 1948 and 1952. One is a BMW in Munich in west Germany (later on the German government Republic) together with other in Soviet managed Eisenach, Eastern Germany (later on the German Democratic Republic), both using the BMW name. Eventually in 1952. after the Soviets ceded control of the plant into East German Government, and appropriate a trademark suit, this plant is rebranded EMW (Eisenacher Motoren Werke). Instead of BMW's blue-and-white roundel, EMW utilized a very similar red-and-white roundel as its logo design. No motorcycles manufactured in East Germany after World War II were manufactured in authority of BMW in Munich as there was no need for an occupying power to get these types of authority. BMW R35 motorcycles were stated in Eisenach until 1952, when they became EMW.

From 1955 to 1969, 15,347 of these 594 cc shaft-drive, compared twin motorbikes were built. The 35 hp (26 kW) R69 is produced from 1955 to 1960, the 42 hp (31 kW) R69S ended up being created from 1960 to 1969, therefore the 42 hp R69US ended up being created from 1968 to 1969. These systems had been created as relatively high powered, high compression recreation bikes, even though Earles hand R69 and R69S was included with sidecar lugs set up on the frames. These lugs had been erased through the telescopic fork "US" products. The lower compression 30 hp (22 kW) R60/2, created from 1955 to 1960, was designed mostly for sidecar use, though it absolutely was popularly utilized as a solo bike, combined with 30 hp R60US, that has been created between 1968 and 1969.

The sport-oriented R69S, R69US, and R69 been successful the plunger-framed 1951 to 1955 R68, which have a motor very similar to that into the subsequent R69.

The R69US brands, with telescopic forks, that have been utilized later on the BMW R-/5 series motorcycles, had been introduced in america the 1968 design 12 months after which proceeded for 1969. Front and rear part reflectors, demanded because of the U. S. Department of transport, were introduced just for the 1969 design season, alongside a DOT sticker which was positioned on a corner fender. The last Earles hand always been supplied during these ages.
In 1970, BMW launched a completely revamped manufacturer product line of 500 cc, 600 cc and 750 cc displacement systems, the R50/5, R60/5 and R75/5 correspondingly, which was included with the "US" telescopic forks noted above. The motors are a total redesign. The roller and ball-bearings in the bottom end have been changed by shell-type journal bearings comparable to those utilized in modern-day vehicle machines. The camshaft, which was near the top of the engine, had been placed directly under the crankshaft, offering best floor approval in cylinders while maintaining the lower center of gravity of flat-twin layout. The newest system have an electric powered starter, although the conventional gearbox-mounted kick starter ended up being retained. The styling associated with very first versions included chrome-plated side panels and a restyled container. The /5 show was given an extended rear swingarm, resulting in a lengthier wheelbase. This enhanced the management and allowed a more substantial power become put in.

The /5 models had been the first ever to be built at BMW's brand-new bike factory in Spandau, West Berlin. Motorcycle production was in fact relocated through the Milbertshofen factory in Munich to this factory, which was in fact built on your website early in the day occupied by a Siemens plane engine factory.

The /5 brands are short-lived, but becoming changed by another brand new manufacturer product line in 1974. Because 12 months the 500 cc model is removed from the lineup and a much larger 900 cc model had been launched, since was a five-speed gearbox, and modifications to the electric program and frame geometry. These systems were the R60/6, R75/6 plus the R90/6. In 1973 a supersport design, the BMW R90S, was launched. In 1975, the kick starter is eventually removed.
1994 BMW R100RT

In 1977, the merchandise line shifted towards the "/7" products. The R80/7 had been included with the line. The R90 (898 cc) systems, "/6" and R90S brands were replaced by updated versions with a brand new 1,000 cc; engine, the R100/7, the R100S additionally the latest awesome athletics design the R100RS with a complete fairing. This sleek model, created through wind-tunnel examination, produced 70 hp (51 kW) along with a top rate of 200 km/h (124 mph). The R100RS have a shorter buttocks ratio to overcome the higher wind weight of the full fairing. Numerous period bike examinations in Germany (Das Motorrad) indicated it had been really a little slower than the R100S with best 65 hp. In 1978, the R100RT was introduced into the lineup the 1979 design seasons, as BMW's first "full-dress" tourer. The RS and RT fairings are virtually identical in appearance; but the RS fairing is really a lightweight streamlining/protective layer and windscreen without other functions, while the RT shell had been more substantial together with two "glove package" lockable compartments, ventilation louvres and an adjustable windscreen. The RT fairing is trusted for authorities motorbikes, with radio gear in the fairing compartments.

In 1979, the R60 is replaced aided by the 650 cc R65, an entry-level bike with 48 hp (36 kW) that had their own frame build. Because smaller dimensions and better geometrics, front and rear 18-inch (460 mm) rims and a very light flywheel, is an incredibly well-handling bicycle that could effortlessly keep pace plus run away from the bigger brothers when in proper hands on sinuous roadways. BMW added a variant in 1982: the R65LS, a "sportier" design with a one-fourth fairing, dual front disk brake system, stiffer suspension system and various carburettors that included 5 hp (4 kW).

The R65 is equipped with a kind 248/1 system, an alternate version of the distinguished BMW means 247, also referred to as an airhead. The system are an 648 cc, OHV, two valves per cylinder, air-cooled flat-twin (in other words., horizontally-opposed cylinders) or "boxer" motor. The R65 weighs in at 205 kg (455 lb) with a full tank of gas and contains a five speed gearbox linked to a shaft last drive. From 1981 on, the R65 had been installed with breaker-less electric ignition. This further enhanced the already great reliability of the bicycle.

After standard BMW practise of times, two 32 mm Bing CV carburettors were utilized while the R65 made use of just one dry-plate clutch. An additional reduced powered variation was also produced for the German marketplace and had been fitted with 26 mm Bing CV carburettors.

The R65 features a smaller gasoline container than many other larger BMW airheads, with a 22 litres (4.8 imp girl; 5.8 US girl) capacity including a 0.5 gallon book.
At the beginning of 1983, BMW introduced a 987 cc, in-line four-cylinder, water-cooled gas inserted engine into the European market, the K100. The K-series includes a simplified and unique rear suspension system, a single-sided swingarm. (In 1985 the traditionally powered boxer R80RT touring bike received this monolever rear suspension program as well as in 1987 the R100RT received they).

In 1985, BMW launched a 750 cc three-cylinder version, this 1 smoothed with another earliest, a counterbalance shaft.

In 1986, BMW introduced an electrically flexible windshield regarding K100LT.

In 1988, BMW introduced ABS on their motorcycles. ABS became standard on all BMW K designs. In 1993 ABS was initially launched on BMW's boxer range in the R1100RS. This has since being readily available as an alternative regarding the others of BMW's bike number.

In 1989, BMW launched its version of a full-fairing recreation bike, the K1. It absolutely was based on the K100 system, nevertheless now with four valves per cylinder. Output is near 100 hp (75 kW).

In 1995, BMW ceased creation of airhead 2-valve machines and moved its boxer-engined range entirely over to the 4-valve oilhead system very first launched in 1993.

In those times, BMW launched several motorcycles including:

R Series (airheads) - R65GS, R80GS, R100GS, additionally the R100gspd, that has been marketed to celebrate the successful regarding the popular Paris to Dakar x-country race by an altered GS airhead BMW. This design was very coveted by BMW collectors and long-distance 'around the whole world' people due to the reliability and easy repair and fix.
Roentgen Show (oilheads) - R850R/GS/C, R1100S/RS/RT/GS/S, R1150R/RS/RT/GS/S, R1200C
F Series - F650 Funduro, F650ST Strada, F650GS, F650GS Dakar, F650CS Scarver
K Series - K1, K100, K100RS, K100RT, K75, K75C, K75S, K75RT, K1100RS, K1100LT, K1200RS, K1200LT, K1200GT.
C1 enclosed scooter

The R1200C, made out of 1997 to 2004, had been BMW motorbikes only entry in to the Cruiser marketplace. During the more end for the model lineup, the C1, made out of 2000 to 2002, is an enclosed scooter, truly the only scooter to-be provided available by BMW.
Airheads tend to be BMW motorbikes with an air-cooled flat-twin motor which were built from 1923 to 1995. More airheads made of 1969 to 1995 put the BMW 247 engine, although 248/1 machines were used on mid-sized R-series motorbikes from 1978 to 1993. Also high-performance motorcycles, including the R90S used the 247 engine; and its successor, the R100RS, is fitted with an oil cooler.
On 25 September 2004, BMW globally established a radically redesigned K-series motorcycle, the K1200S, containing an all new in-line four-cylinder, liquid-cooled engine featuring 123 kW (165 hp). The K1200S was mostly designed as an excellent athletics bike, albeit larger and heavy as compared to nearest Japanese competitors. After the launch regarding the K1200S, problems are discovered using brand-new power-plant ultimately causing a recall until the start of 2005, when corrective adjustment were set up.

In the many years following the release of K1200S, BMW has also launched the K1200R naked roadster, therefore the K1200GT sport tourer, which started initially to can be found in dealer showrooms in springtime (March--June) 2006. All three brand-new K-series motorbikes are derived from the new in-line four-cylinder system, with somewhat differing examples of power. In 2007, BMW included the K1200R recreation, a semi-faired recreation touring version of the K1200R.

In October 2008, BMW launched three brand-new 1,300 cc K-series systems: the K1300R, K1300S and K1300GT. The K1300 systems feature a rise in motor capability of 136 cc, a rise in capacity to 175 hp (130 kW), newly styled fairings and a unique exhaust program.

In 2011, BMW established two six-cylinder, 1,600 cc, K1600GT and K1600GTL motorcycles, the former meant as a sport-tourer while the latter as a luxury touring model. The system produces 160 hp (120 kW) and 129 lb*ft (175 N*m). They also offer adaptive headlights, traction controls, abdominal muscles, tire stress monitors, and a number of noise techniques.
R show
2015 BMW R1200RT

In 2004, bikes utilizing the opposed-twin-cylinder "boxer" engine had been also revamped. This new boxer displacement is 1,170 cc (71 cubic ins). The engine is more powerful, and all of motorcycles that use they tend to be light than their predecessors.

Initial bike becoming launched with this specific updated system was the R1200GS dual-purpose bike. The R1200RT tourer and R1200ST sports tourer accompanied briefly behind. BMW then launched the 175 kg (386 lb), 105 kW (141 hp) HP2 Enduro, additionally the 223 kg (492 lb), 100 hp (75 kW) R1200GS Adventure, each specifically targeting the off road and adventure-touring bike segment, respectively. In 2007, the HP2 Enduro was joined because of the road-biased HP2 Megamoto fitted with smaller alloy tires and road tyres.

In 2006, BMW launched the R1200R additionally the R1200S, which is rated at 81 kW (109 hp) @ 7,500 rpm.

In 2014, BMW launched a totally brand new R1200RT with 125 hp (92 kW) at 7,750 rpm, 92 lb/ft (125 Nm) torque at 6,500 rpm, and a damp clutch.

In 2015 BMW introduced when you look at the R1200RT keyless ignition additionally the "San Marino blue" shade.
F series
F 800S

BMW has additionally paid attention to the F show in 2006. They decreased the cost regarding the existing F650GS and F650GS Dakar, and eradicated the F650CS Scarver to create place in lineup when it comes to all-new F800 Series. The new motorcycles are run on a parallel twin-engine, built by Rotax. They function either a belt drive system, much like the belt drive on the now defunct F650CS, or chain drive. In the beginning, BMW launched two types of the latest F800 Series, the F800S sport cycle together with F800ST recreation tourer; they certainly were accompanied by F650GS and F800GS dual-purpose motorbikes, each of designed to use the 798 cc system regardless of the different brands.
G show
G650 Xchallenge enduro

In October 2006, appropriate a nomenclature change, BMW launched the grams number of offroad style motorcycles co-developed with Aprilia. These were equipped with an uprated single-cylinder water-cooled 652 cc fuel-injected motor producing 53 hp (40 kW), much like the one suited to the single-cylinder F650GS, and built with string drive. At first, there have been three models in the show, all created for BMW by Aprilia within their North Italian Scorz Plant, each focused on a slightly various market:

G650 Xchallenge difficult enduro featuring 21 inch front side and 18 inches back spoked tires
G650 Xcountry scrambler / adventure sports featuring 19 inches front and 17 inches back spoked rims
G650 Xmoto street moto / supermoto featuring 17 inch cast alloy rims.

The G450X, a hard-enduro is introduced in 2007, and stopped this year.

After 2010 BMW launched the G650GS, an extensively facelifted and reworked type of the first F650GS.

The BMW S1000RR is an activity bicycle in the beginning made by BMW Motorrad to participate in the 2009 Superbike globe tournament, which now in commercial production. It had been launched in Munich in April 2008, and it is run on a 999 cc (61.0 cu in) inline-4 system redlined at 14,200 rpm.

BMW made 1,000 S1000RRs in '09 to fulfill World Superbike homologation requirement, but broadened manufacturing for commercial purchase of cycle in 2010. It offers an anti-lock braking system, standard, with an optional electric traction controls. It has a wet pounds of 207.7 kg (458 lb), and brings 133.6 kW (179.2 hp) @ 13,250 rpm within back wheel.
In March 2010, BMW released a video clip on YouTube named "The oldest technique on earth", which highlighted the S1000RR's speed by pulling a tablecloth off an extended 20-seat dining table without disturbing the place setup and dining table decorations. Its popularity switched the advertisement viral, with 1.4 million panorama in the first ten days, and more than 3.7 million panorama at the time of October 2010. The October 27, 2010 MythBusters episode "Tablecloth Chaos" tested whether the trick could be reproduced. The stunt was replicated at length, with the exception that an alternate motorcycle is used---a Buell Motorcycle business 1125R, had and ridden because of the show's co-presenter Jamie Hyneman. The final outcome ended up being that the videos had been phony since the only way it could be reproduced had been by putting a plastic sheet in addition to the tablecloth---thus eliminating any communications involving the tablecloth and the dining table options.

The K-series BMWs posses water-cooled engines of three (K75), or four (K100, K1100, K1200, K1300), or six (K1600) cylinders. Until 2004, all K series machines, whether three to four cylinders were that the first "flying stone" layout, so named because of the outside appearance of engine. The design of the earliest K machines is exclusive within motorcycling in that the motor try installed lying on their part, aided by the crank in the right side of this bicycle additionally the cylinder minds and /valve gear from the remaining. This structure have the advantage of permitting the drive system to possess just one 90-degree translation inside the last drive housing, possibly decreasing drive train losses. Every one of the initial format K machines had been also mated to a dry automotive-type clutch. The uniform use of the standard K motor stopped because of the K1200 products in 2005, with a new 1200 show engine that has been drastically different from the flying stone because it had been the standard transversely 55-degree slant-mounted four-cylinder motor combined to a wet clutch and a unit building gearbox. It absolutely was currently furthermore that the K bicycle shaft drive moved from right-side left. Despite this latest engine, the original flying stone K system continuing operating with all the huge K1200LT deluxe touring bike until 2009, where point the traveling stone bowed on together with the K1200LT. It was the function that presaged the introduction of the best K engine with regards to dimensions and complexity, the six-cylinder K1600 series fitted to the K1600GT and GTL models.
BMW K100 motorcycle motor circa 1986

1st K-series manufacturing bike had been the K100, that was introduced in the 1983. In 1988, BMW launched the K1 which had the Bosch Motronic fuel injection system.

From 1985 to 1996, the K75 740 cc three-cylinder system is created.

In 1991, BMW enhanced the displacement for the K100 from 987 cc to 1,097 cc and design designation became the K1100. The K1100LT had been the first because of the latest motor displacement. In 1998 BMW enhanced the size once again to 1,170 cc. This upgraded flat four system appeared in the K1200RS. This motor continued in production the K1200LT range, with a power improving inform in 2004, before the end of LT manufacturing run.

The later K1200 system try a 1,157 cc transverse inline-four, launched in 2003 and first seen into the 2005 K1200S. The latest system yields 123 kW (165 hp) and it is tilted forwards 55 degrees. It's 43 cm (17 in) broad, giving the bicycles a rather low center of mass without lowering greatest slim angles.

In October 2008, BMW announced the newest K1300GT, K1300S and K1300R models, all of these function a bigger capacity 1293 cc motor producing to 175 hp (130 kW). The new motor produces maximum energy output 1,000 RPM below the earlier system, making more torque due simply butterfly flap built in the fatigue.

In 2011, BMW launched the K1600 range---the K1600GT and K1600GTL---featuring a 1,649 cc (100.6 cu in) straight-six system, that will be mounted transversely throughout the chassis. The motor are angled ahead by 50. The engine is originally used on the idea 6, an idea bicycle that has been shown at the 2009 EICMA Milan engine tv show. BMW promises your motor at 560 mm (22 in) large, only 67 mm (2.6 in) wider than the K1300 system, is the narrowest six-cylinder engine previously produced. Cylinder bore try 72.0 mm (2.83 in) in addition to length between cylinder centres 77 mm (3.0 in). The camshaft are hollow, with cam lobes pressed on, which saves around 2 lb (0.91 kg). The motor have electronic throttle controls and numerous drive settings which are often ready in accordance with roadway circumstances.

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