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Harley-Davidson FLH, FLT, FXR Evolution 1984 - 1998Clymer Owners Service & Repair Manual

FL is a design designation applied to motorbikes manufactured by Harley-Davidson from 1941 presenting. Mainly applied to Harley's large-framed bicycles, including the latest Touring show, the FL designation normally used in combination with their Softail series, especially on Softails with old-fashioned styling, 16-inch forward rims, and either Springer forks or large-diameter telescopic front forks.

Early FL systems

The FL ended up being launched into the Harley-Davidson design line in 1941. It put a 74 cu in (1,210 cc) version of the "Knucklehead" OHV system that driven the EL in 61 cu in (1,000 cc) type. The FL shared their framework because of the EL along with the U and UL, which used a 74 cubic inches flathead engine. The FL changed the UH and ULH, that used equivalent frame with 80 cu in (1,300 cc) flathead engines.

The FL proceeded fairly unchanged until 1948, with regards to in addition to EL received redesigned "Panhead" engines of the same capacities as earlier. These engines had several progress over the previous "Knuckleheads", including self-adjusting hydraulic lifters and aluminum cylinder heads to lessen weight and enhance cooling. The U and UL flathead twins are stopped in 1948, leaving the OHV EL and FL models as Harley-Davidson's large-frame motorcycles.
Hydra-Glide

In 1949, per year after obtaining the "Panhead" system, the FL was handed a brand new front suspension system featuring hydraulically damped telescopic forks, replacing the leading website link springtime suspension system of that time period. These forks are standard on all big twin products for 1949, like the age, EL, F, and FL. Harley-Davidson provided the spring suspension units on these versions and ideal their use on sidecar combinations, because hydraulic forks didn't have enough trail to permit the combination to-be stable adequate for safe operation.

During their first model 12 months of 1949, Harley described their brand new suspension techniques since the "hydraulic front side comes to an end". Harley's marketing division promoted the new suspension methods by renaming the major twin versions "Hydra Glide" the 1950 model seasons. This was Harley-Davidson's very first departure from its policy of utilizing alphabetic lettering to spot its brands. This name would changes twice into the reputation for the basic large-framed E and F show brands, each time signaling a marked improvement in the bicycle's technologies. Furthermore, the Glide ending would be utilized on other brands, considering both and FL and FX formats.

In 1952, the Hydra-Glide's transmission traditional hand-shift/foot-clutch is supplemented by the recommended foot-shift/hand-clutch. The initial format stayed supplied as an alternative until 1978. 1952 was also the last season of this 61 cu in (1,000 cc) EL, making the FL the past leftover large-frame model.

Even though the 1903 founding is currently the cornerstone for "Anniversary Models", Harley-Davidson's 50th Golden Anniversary ended up being celebrated in 1954 with special shows and badges regarding front fender. 1st season of manufacturing is 1904.

A far more very tuned system with high-compression minds, higher-lift webcams, and polished harbors, is supplied using the FLH type of 1955. The FLH designation features continued to today's.
Duo-Glide
1961 FLH Duo-Glide

The FL design was given a new frame in 1958. This framework included a rear swingarm suspended by a pair of coil-over-shock suspension system devices. In honor of this completely suspended framework, the FL's model name ended up being altered from Hydra-Glide to Duo-Glide.

Unlike OHV setup, aluminum heads, and telescopic-fork front suspension, however, this enhancement in technologies had been applied to the small-frame bicycles very first, the K-series creating got rear suspension system in 1952.

The third and last change fond of the name of this fundamental FL model would take place in 1965, the final 12 months of the "Panhead" machines. These final "Panheads" were the very first "big-twin" Harley-Davidson machines becoming loaded with electric starters, the Servi-Car creating obtained electric begin the entire year before. This development for Harley-Davidson was welcomed aided by the new model name of Electra Glide.

In 1966, the "Panhead" offered method to the "Shovelhead", gaining a ten percent rise in power along the way.

A fork-mounted fairing became available on Electra Glides in 1969. This became unofficially referred to as "batwing" fairing. Even though batwing fairing was a quickly detachable choice on early Electra Glides, it had been not detachable on subsequent machines, as instruments were moved through the fuel tank in to the fairing.
Electra Glide

The FL framework is the foundation when it comes to 1971 FX Super Glide. The FX mated the FL frame utilizing the forks associated with the XL Sportster, with buckhorn handlebars and a sizable fibreglass tailpiece doing the Super Glide specs.

The FL was given a front side disk brake in 1972.

The three-speed plus reverse alternative ended up being discontinued in 1977.

A 1977 Harley-Davidson Confederate version of the FLH Electra Glide that featured commemorative paint and tank and fender decals ended up being created. The unit manufacturing was at these types of low volume figures - just 44 - regarding make it one of many rarest of organization's motorbikes.

An 80 cu in (1,300 cc) engine is made optional on the Electra Glide in 1978. But the FL designation had not been altered consequently. By 1981, the 80 cubic inches motor was the conventional system; the 74 cu in (1,210 cc) engine becoming stopped.

The low-compression FL engine had been discontinued in 1979, as had been the option for hand-shift/foot-clutch transmission controls.

Tour Glide

The FLT trip Glide ended up being launched in 1979 as a 1980 design. Sold alongside the current FLH Electra Glide, the FLT have a larger framework with rubberized motor supports, a five-speed transmission, the 80 cu in (1,300 cc) system, and a frame-mounted fairing. In order that the FLT framework, that was bigger and heavier compared to huge and heavy FLH frame, would handle acceptably, the leading forks received radical steering geometry which had all of them attached behind the steering head, using the frame behind the steering mind being recessed allowing sufficient steering lock.

The FLHT was launched in 1983. This is an Electra Glide on the basis of the FLT journey Glide frame, but with the Electra Glide "batwing" fairing instead of the trip Glide frame-mounted fairing. The police version of the FLHT could be the FLHTP.

With the exception of the bottom FLH, all 1984 FLs had been loaded with the brand new rubber-mounted Evolution engine and a five-speed transmission.

All "Shovelhead" motors were discontinued by the 1985 model 12 months. In that 12 months, the four-speed solid-engine-mount FLH ended up being altered to accept plastic mounting and also the Evolution engine. The FLH is discontinued in 1986; all Touring versions thereafter put the FLT/FLHT frame. Ironically, the FLT journey Glide, which launched the present Touring frame, had been fallen through the lineup in 1996. A smaller sized form of the frame-mounted journey fairing would get back with all the FLTR path Glide in 1998.

The development engine ended up being replaced by the Twin Cam 88 system on all large-framed Harley-Davidson motorbikes in 1999. The Twin Cam system had been enlarged from 88 cu.in. to 96 cu.in. in 2007.
Unfaired Glides
2006 Road Master Customized

An unfaired version of the FLH Electra Glide, known as the FLHS Electra Glide athletics, had been offered by 1979 to 1982. An unfaired FLHT Electra Glide reintroduced the FLHS Electra Glide Sport name in 1987. In 1994, the FLHS Electra Glide athletics ended up being replaced by the FLHR roadway master, which consistently todays.
2009 Touring framework

For 2009 model year, Harley-Davidson redesigned the entire touring number. The adjustment included a unique frame, newer swingarm, an entirely revised engine-mounting system, 17-inch front tires for several models except the trail master Vintage, a 6 US gallons (23 l; 5.0 imp gal) gas container, and a 2-1-2 fatigue. The changes end up in greater load carrying capability, better maneuvering, a smoother engine, much longer range much less exhaust heat transmitted towards driver and passenger.
Tri-Glide Ultra Classic

In addition released when you look at the FL Touring range for the 2009 design 12 months was the FLHTCUTG Tri Glide Ultra Timeless, the first three-wheeled Harley-Davidson because the Servi-Car ended up being discontinued in 1973. This model features a distinctive frame and a 103 cid system unique on trike.

The term softail describes motorcycles and bikes that feature a concealed rear suspension system program with springs or shock absorbers to absorb bumps. Softail motorcycles give the look of experiencing a hard-tail or rigid-frame, ordinarily utilizing the shock absorbers or springs beneath the motorcycle and away from see.

The term "softail" try a subscribed trademark of Harley-Davidson motorbikes, created aided by the release of the FXST Softail in 1984. Subsequently, the phrase have expanded to incorporate more motorbikes with concealed rear suspensions in addition to bikes incorporating a rear suspension system.

Harley-Davidson Softail

In Harley-Davidson motorbikes, the softail framework was created to look like the rigid-frame bikes of the past, while however offering the convenience of rear suspension system. The surprise absorbers are situated over the axis associated with bike, saved beneath the transmission.
2011 Harley-Davidson FLSTFB Softail Fat Kid Lo
2008 Harley Davidson FXSTC Softail Custom

There are many Harley-Davidson products using Softail framework, including the Softail Standard, Personalized, Springer Softail, traditions Softail, history Springer, evening Train, luxurious, Deuce, Fat man, Softail Slim, the black Customized cross-bones, the black Personalized Blackline and Breakout. Apart from the Deuce, with a 2 inches (51 mm) anchor stretch, these motorbikes have the same engine, transmission and framework and vary primarily in the choice of fork, tires and accessories.
Front side forks

The Softail design line has included a number of options in the front fork configurations. Historically, they usually have in addition offered the Springer leading link forks being reminiscent of the sprung front-ends that were utilized prior to the introduction regarding the Hydra-Glide in 1949. The FXST designation is used for 21" Front Wheel bicycles or if the Springer fork is used with a 21 inch wheel, whilst the FLST designation can be used for 16" front-wheel Bikes or when the Springer hand is employed with a 16 inch wheel.
Engines

The Softail versions would not have rubber-mounted engines. This led to even more vibration in Evolution-engined Softails than in rubber-mounted Touring or Dyna versions with Evolution motors. To pay for this, existing Softail products need a counterbalanced form of the Twin Cam system rather than the regular Twin Cam engine utilized in the Touring and Dyna models.
Record

Costs Davis, an enthusiastic Harley rider and engineer from St. Louis, Mo. created the softail into the mid-1970s. Their first build, that he labored on in 1974 and 1975, had a cantilever swingarm pivoted in the bottom and sprung towards the top because of the springs and surprise absorber concealed underneath the seat. Upon working out his design, Davis built a prototype considering their 1972 Super Glide. Davis branded their build and called Willie G. Davidson, arranging a gathering in August 1976. Davidson ended up being impressed, but made no commitments. Davidson replied half a year later on, saying that the providers would not be able to use the style at the time but had been however enthusiastic about it.

Davis proceeded to develop the look, changing the pivot additionally the springing guidelines around so that the springs and shock absorber were beneath the frame as well as the pivot point is at the top of the triangular swingarm. This permitted the standard Harley-Davidson oil tank becoming placed under the seat. Davis attempted to create this new build individually once the Road Worx Sub-Shock, however the partnership he had assembled for this specific purpose collapsed. Harley-Davidson government Jeffrey Bleustein called Davis briefly afterwards and began negotiations to buy Davis's build. Davis sold his patents, model, and tooling to Harley-Davidson in January 1982. After more screening and developing, Davis's design ended up being introduced in Summer 1983 because the 1984 Harley-Davidson FXST Softail.
Harley-Davidson, Inc. (H-D), or Harley, try an American motorcycle manufacturer, launched in Milwaukee, Wisconsin in 1903.

As one of two significant United states motorcycle providers to endure the Great Depression (along side Indian), the organization have survived numerous ownership arrangements, subsidiary arrangements (e.g., Aermacchi 1974-1978 and Buell 1987-2009), times of poor economic health and items high quality, also intense international competitors --- to be society's 5th biggest bike producer and an iconic brand name well regarded because of its devoted following --- with owner groups and activities worldwide along with an organization sponsored brand-focused museum.

Noted for a method of customization that provided rise on chopper motorcycle style, Harley-Davidson traditionally promoted heavyweight, air-cooled cruiser motorcycles with system displacements greater than 700 cc --- and it has broadened their offerings to include its more sophisticated VRSC (2001) and middle-weight road (2014) systems.

Harley-Davidson manufactures their motorcycles at factories in York, Pennsylvania; Milwaukee, Wisconsin; Kansas City, Missouri; Manaus, Brazil; and Bawal, Asia --- and areas its merchandise worldwide.

The classic Harley-Davidson engines is V-twin engines, with a 45 direction amongst the cylinders. The crankshaft have just one pin, and both pistons is attached to this pin through their particular linking rods.

This 45 perspective are covered under a number of usa patents and it is an engineering tradeoff that allows a sizable, high-torque engine in a somewhat tiny area. It produces the cylinders to fire at irregular intervals and produces the choppy "potato-potato" noise so highly for this Harley-Davidson brand name.

To streamline the motor and minimize outlay, the V-twin ignition had been made to run with one pair of things and no distributor. That is known as a twin fire ignition system, causing both spark plugs to fire despite which cylinder ended up being on their compression stroke, utilizing the various other spark plug shooting on their cylinder's exhaust stroke, successfully "wasting a spark". The exhaust note is simply a throaty growling sound with some popping. The 45 build regarding the engine therefore brings a plug firing sequencing therefore: initial cylinder fires, the next (backside) cylinder fires 315 later on, then there is a 405 gap through to the earliest cylinder fires once again, providing the engine their unique sound.

Harley-Davidson has utilized different ignition methods throughout its record -- feel it the early guidelines and condenser program, (gigantic Twin as much as 1978 and Sportsters as much as 1978), magneto ignition system applied to some 1958 to 1969 Sportsters, early electric with centrifugal mechanical advance weights, (all versions 1978 . 5 to 1979), or perhaps the late electronic with transistorized ignition control component, more familiarly referred to as black container or the mind, (all models 1980 presenting).

Beginning in 1995, the business introduced Electronic gasoline shot (EFI) as an option for 30th anniversary version Electra Glide. EFI became standard on all Harley-Davidson motorbikes, like Sportsters, upon the development of the 2007 brand.

In 1991, Harley-Davidson began to be involved in the quality of sound performing Group, created by Orfield laboratories, Bruel and Kjaer, TEAC, Yamaha, Sennheiser, SMS and Cortex. It was the nation's very first team to talk about studies on psychological acoustics. Later on that 12 months, Harley-Davidson took part in some quality of sound researches at Orfield Labs, centered on tracks taken at Talladega Superspeedway, with the objective to lower the sound-level for EU standards while analytically getting the "Harley Sound". This research resulted in the bikes that were introduced in compliance with EU requirements for 1998.

On February 1, 1994, the company filed an audio trademark application when it comes to unique noise of the Harley-Davidson bike system: "The level is made of the exhaust sound of applicant's motorbikes, produced by V-twin, typical crankpin bike machines if the items come in utilize". Nine of Harley-Davidson's competitors submitted responses opposing the application form, arguing that cruiser-style motorbikes of various companies need a single-crankpin V-twin system which create an identical noise. These objections are accompanied by litigation. In Summer 2000, the company fallen efforts to federally sign up their trademark.

The Evolution engine (popularly referred to as Evo) are an air-cooled, 45-degree, V-twin motor made of 1984 by Harley-Davidson for the business's motorcycles. It was built in the 1,340 cc (82 cu in) displacement for Harley-Davidson Big V-twins bicycles, replacing the Shovelhead engine until 2000 once the last EVO is put into a production factory personalized FXR4 (FXR2 and FXR3 were the first CVO's). In 1999, it was changed by the Harley-Davidson Twin Cam 88 inside Touring and Dyna design plus in 2000 when you look at the Softail systems. Additionally obtainable in the Sportster model beginning in 1986, it had been built in the 1,100 cc (67 cu in) displacement until 1988 and it is still made in the 883 cc (53.9 cu in) and 1,200 cc (73 cu in) displacements the Harley-Davidson Sportster, replacing the ironhead Sportster system.

More analysts look at the Evolution becoming the motor that saved the reorganized Harley-Davidson company from specific bankruptcy. Harley-Davidson's formal title for the system is most likely associated with the business's attempt to reform their picture following 1981 administration buyout from earlier holder United states Machine and Foundry (AMF).

Though a significant build advance for Harley-Davidson in several ways, the Evolution are most distinct from early in the day Harley-Davidson system design by virtue of the reliability, oils rigidity, and capacity to feel operate difficult under a myriad of circumstances for thousands of kilometers farther than just about any of its predecessors. The heads and cylinders of this Evolution motor are produced from aluminum to cut back fat when compared with a cast metal build. Air air conditioning efficiency is enhanced as aluminum are an excellent thermal conductor to cast iron. The blocky rocker cardboard boxes (hence becoming nicknamed "block mind" which never caught on), aluminum minds and cylinders (also referred to as "jugs") would be the just area of the Evolution motor which can be considered important; the Big Twin and Sportster incarnations regarding the development become notably different.
Touring brands use Big-Twin machines and large-diameter telescopic forks. All Touring designations begin with the letters FL, e.g., FLHR (roadway King) and FLTR (Road Glide).

The touring household, also known as "dressers" or "baggers", includes roadway King, roadway Glide, road Glide and Electra Glide brands available in different trims. The Road Kings have a "retro cruiser" appearance and are also built with a sizable clear windshield. Path leaders tend to be similar to big-twin brands through the 1940s and 1950s. Electra Glides are identified by their full front side fairings. More Electra Glides athletics a fork-mounted fairing described as the "Batwing" because of its unmistakable form. The trail Glide and Road Glide Ultra Classic posses a frame-mounted fairing, described as the "Sharknose". The Sharknose includes an original, dual front side headlight.

Touring systems tend to be distinguishable by their big saddlebags, back coil-over environment suspension and the actual only real models to offer full fairings with radios and CBs. All touring versions utilize the exact same framework, first introduced with a Shovelhead motor in 1980, and held forward with just moderate improvements until 2009, when it is extensively redesigned. The frame try distinguished because of the located area of the steering mind while watching forks and was the first H-D framework to rubber attach the drivetrain to separate the driver from the vibration of huge V-twin.

The frame ended up being customized when it comes to 1994 model 12 months whenever oil container went beneath the transmission plus the electric battery ended up being relocated inboard from underneath the best saddlebag to beneath the seat. In 1997, the framework is once again altered to allow for a more substantial battery pack beneath the seat and also to reduced seat level. In 2007, Harley-Davidson launched the 96 cubic inches (1,570 cubic centimetres) Twin Cam 96 motor, besides the six-speed transmission to give the rider better rates traveling.

In 2006, Harley launched the FLHX road Glide, a bike designed by Willie G. Davidson become his private trip, to its touring line.

In 2008, Harley included anti-lock braking systems and cruise controls as a factory put in solution on all touring designs (traditional on CVO and Anniversary systems). Furthermore newer for 2008 may be the 6-US-gallon (23 l; 5.0 imp girl) gasoline container for several touring systems. 2008 additionally introduced throttle-by-wire to all touring systems.

For 2009 design year, Harley-Davidson redesigned the entire touring number with a number of modifications, like a unique framework, new swingarm, a completely revised engine-mounting system, 17-inch (430 mm) forward tires for many however the FLHRC path master Vintage, and a 2--1--2 exhaust. The changes lead to greater load carrying capacity, better management, a smoother engine, longer number much less exhaust temperature transmitted towards driver and traveler. In addition revealed the 2009 model seasons may be the FLHTCUTG Tri-Glide super Classic, 1st three-wheeled Harley because the Servi-Car is discontinued in 1973. The model features a unique frame and a 103-cubic-inch (1,690 cc) system unique into the trike.

In 2014, Harley-Davidson revealed a redesign for certain touring bicycles and known as it "Project Rushmore". Changes incorporate a 103CI High production system, one handed simple available saddlebags and compartments, a unique growth! Box Infotainment system with either 4.3" or 6.5" screens featuring touchscreen efficiency , Bluetooth (news and phone with approved appropriate equipment), offered GPS and SiriusXM, Text-to-Speech usability (with approved suitable products) and USB connectivity with billing. More qualities include abdominal muscles with Reflex linked brakes, enhanced styling, Halogen or LED lighting and upgraded traveler benefits.

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